Due to the trauma brought by the World War 2, the UN formulated and reiterated the fact that all humans are entitled to distinct rights in the year 1948. In the succeeding years, the European Convention on Human Rights was established in the year 1950. This convention is designed to protect the essential freedom and the fundamental human rights with the aims to achieve a better unification and acknowledging the equal rights of men and women. Protecting the human rights is not only restricted to the territory of the EU but also to foreign countries. Here are the rights and freedom that the European Convention protects.
The Human Rights that are safeguarded by the European Convention on Human Rights
Right to Life
Under the Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the union will uphold the right to protect the life of individuals. This protection will extend to the human beings and legal person, excluding the human embryo. It also includes the right to preserve the life which means that the convention is responsible for refraining and preventing unlawful killing, conduct a thorough investigation for any suspicious death of individuals and the responsibility to prevent impending or possible death.
Rights against Inhumane Treatment
Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights states that human beings will be protected by inhumane punishments and humiliating treatment. This type of rights extends to any individuals with no limitations. This type of rights is usually employed in cases that involve poor detention and police violence.
Rights against Slavery
The Article 4 of European Convention on Human Rights implies that forced labour, servitude, and slavery is generally prohibited with some forms of exception such as civic responsibilities, military service, job during a state of emergency.
Right to Security and Liberty
Under this article of European Convention on Human Rights, anyone may enjoy the right of security and liberty with a small exception under the liberty clause such as lawful detention and arrest done in distinct situations, for instance, crime suspicion or imprisonment due to crimes committed.
Right to Fair Trial
The European Convention on Human Rights states that every individual should be subjected to a fair trial. This allows a human being to undergo typical legal proceedings conducted in front of the unbiased judgment of the tribunal.
Right against unlawful Punishment
It instructs the authorities that any individuals should not receive any punishment for an offence that was not a criminal act at the time that it was committed. It reiterates the fact that criminal act is under the international and national law.
The Right to Uphold and Respect Privacy
Under this article, the European Convention on Human Rights is responsible for upholding the private life of the family but are subjected to certain limitation such as occurrence that is necessary to uphold the democracy of the nation and things that are in accordance with the lawful proceedings.
Rights to Choose Religion
Article 9 is not only constricted to choosing religion but also to conscience and the liberty of one’s thought. But these are also subjected to certain limitation similar with the Right to Privacy.
Right to Express
The Freedom of Expression is not absolute and also subject to certain restriction such as matters concerning the national security, public safety and territorial integrity, prevention of the crime and disorder, protection of morals and health, protection of the rights as well as the reputation of individuals, preventing confidential information from leaking and maintaining the unbiased authority of the judiciary.
These are some of the Human rights being upheld by the European Convention on Human Rights.Share This Post: